At the recent Notre Dame Center for Liturgy symposium on "Liturgy and the New Evangelization", Dr. James Pauley of Franciscan University of Steubenville gave a talk on the importance of apprenticeship in the Christian life for evangelization in the 21st century. Dr. Pauley took as his starting point this passage from Vatican II's Decree on Missionary Activity (Ad Gentes):
The catechumenate is not a mere expounding of doctrines and precepts, but a training period in the whole Christian life, and an apprenticeship duty drawn out, during which disciples are joined to Christ their Teacher. (no. 14)
Using that image of apprenticeship -- and his own experience learning from a friend how to write an icon -- he went on to expound on how apprenticeship and accompaniment (to use a favored phrase of Pope Francis) can be applied to a variety of catechetical settings.
While Dr. Pauley's talked centered on apprenticeship in a parish context, I was left with a nagging question:
Are we putting too much emphasis on the parish as the locus of Christian living?
As I see it there are two good reasons for thinking of Christian apprenticeship as more than something that happens in the parish.
First, if accompaniment is an intrinsic element of evangelization and catechesis, we have to recognize that the burden cannot be born solely -- or even primarily -- by pastors and lay pastoral ministers. There are only so many hours in a day, and unless a parish consists of only a few hundred individuals (admittedly a reality in many rural communities) then pastors and their staffs cannot accompany every parishioner while at the same time preparing liturgies, directing formation programs, practicing with choirs, and engaging in other duties of their particular ministries.
Secondly, the Christian community is larger than the parish. At the most subsidiary level, the family is the smallest unit of Christian community. Indeed, in recent years we have come to recognize more and more how the family is a "domestic church," mirroring and containing elements of the Church universal. Beyond the family, the Christian community includes the many apostolates, parachurch organizations, Catholic universities and college ministries, and informal fellowship gatherings of the faithful.
How might our conception of apprenticeship change if we took all these myriad forms of the Church into account? What tools and mindsets would parish leaders need to cultivate see see apprenticeship flourish in our communities? And what steps could ordinary believers take to make Christian apprenticeship a part of our daily lives?
In the next couple weeks I'll expand on these questions in additional blog posts; please share your thoughts in the comments below!